PHASE I ENVIRONMENTAL SITE ASSESSMENT: The primary purpose of the Phase I assessment is to identify “recognized environmental conditions” at the site.“Recognized environmental conditions” are the presence or likely presence of any hazardous substance or petroleum product that could impact structures, soil, groundwater or surface water. Phase I’s are “due diligence assessments” generally conducted prior to the sale of a commercial or industrial property by the prospective buyer or lender.
Phase I Assessments should be conducted in Accordance with ASTM E 1527-05 “All Appropriate Inquiries” Standards (effective November 1, 2006) by a qualified environmental professional, in order to qualify for “landowner liability protections”.
The Phase I assessment consists of the following activities.
·site walkover inspection
·environmental liens inquiry
·federal, state and local environmental database inquiry within ASTM radius of site
·discussions with individuals knowledgeable with the history of the site
·evaluation of available historical aerial photographs and fire insurance maps to at least 1940
·review of available drawings and property plats
·identification of adjacent properties and surrounding land use (interviews with adjacent property owners will be conducted if site has been abandoned)
·an environmental questionnaire completed by “User”
If “recognized environmental conditions” are identified at the subject property or surrounding area during the Phase I, then additional investigation or sampling, commonly called a Phase II, may be recommended.